A Brief Overview on Factory Auditing and its Types

Professional buyers or global manufactures sourcing involve may find difficulty in assessing all the sites. However, for a manufacturing site, it becomes essential to employ good manufacturing processes to ensure best quality systems. This is the reason preparation to be audited should be carried out professionally to assure everything is meeting the requirements.

 There are trained auditors who can provide details accurately to decide further actions. Manufacturers can stay in shape and also keep risks minimized with factory auditing. The manufacturer’s factory evaluation ascertains the suppliers selected are appropriate and the requirements for the customer’s quality are met as per specifications.

In fact, even retailers need to maintain factory audits. Here are factory auditing common types that may be required for retailers.

Quality System Audit

This is a factory audit type used to comprehend the supplier is manufacturing products in such a way that it assures on-time delivery and quality. A quality system audit is performed at time intervals and it includes quality evaluating systems, machinery maintenance, management techniques and several other factors. Quality system auditing normally has monitoring procedures to define the internal system in a factory and also to ascertain effective actions. There are several standards and regulations for quality audits such as AS9100, ISO 9000, FDA’s QSR and IS13485.

The ISO 9000 standards of concern relate to the quality management that provides services and products to meet the customer’s needs. In fact, there are eight principles of quality management defined and this includes leader, customer focus, people involvement, process approach, factual approach, decision making, system approach and continual improvement, all these ensure benefit to working relationships.

Social Compliance Audit

This type of audit is known as social audits. This is a type of factory auditing referring to monitoring the retailers supply chain to verify working conditions requirements. The requirements of social compliance are set frequently by retailers and this includes areas relating to fire exists, workers insurance, workers protective gear and hazardous materials storage.

Social compliance auditing helps retailers and brands in managing the risks of social compliance that may influence the companies’ financially. The social compliance audit is conducted widely in factories on target-brand products. They are of two types: zero tolerance and non-compliant for one-year. In this audit allows three opportunities to do essential correctly and if the facility does not clear the audit owing to violations in forced labor, child labor, conflict of interest, etc.

Security Audit

Security audits are one of the factory auditing types required for a retailer. Certain brands and retailers need this audit to stay compliant. The focus of factory auditing is to decide if the manufacturing spot is secure. The focus is on safeguarding the supply chain, implementing security measures, identifying security gaps and following best practices.


The three common types of factory auditing may be required, including:

  • Quality system audits look for quality management.
  • Social compliance audits verify labor practices and working conditions.
  • Security audits focus on the adherence of standards and eliminate serious risks.

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